Rules for Phwar
Version 1.3, July 2003
Phwar (short for Phase War) is an abstract game of war for two or three players. The board is a hexagonal grid of hexagons. Each player owns four negative particles (electrons), four positive particles (positrons) and one neutral particle with zero charge (neutron).
Aim: The game is won by the last remaining player. All of a player's particles are removed if they do not have at least one electron, one positron, and one neutron on the board.
Start: Players start in opposite
corners (two-player and three-player opening positions shown).
Moves: Players take turns moving one of their particles in any of the six hexagonal directions. The particle can move any number of cells in an unobstructed line. There is no passing unless a player has no legal moves.
An opponent's particle can be captured by replacement if:
The idea is that such systems are unstable, but reach equilibrium after the capture.
It is compulsory to capture an opponent's particle if possible. The capture may be performed by any of the current player's particles in line of sight of the victim. The neutron may participate in a capture but contributes zero to the total charge.
For instance, the Black electron
shown above can be captured by White (and in fact must be). There are
at least two White particles in its line of sight, and the total charge
of all particles in line of sight cancels out to zero (-1 +1 +1 -1
= 0). The capture may be performed by any of the three White particles
in line of sight.